Consider purchasing a water purifier. Soft water will leave hair and skin soft.
Alpha-Hydroxy Acid Peel
Chemical peels that use alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs), such as glycolic, lactic and citric acids are considered the lightest of all chemical peel solutions. These superficial peels are often referred to as "lunchtime peels" and have quickly become the popular peel of choice for those who cannot spare the time it takes to recover from more aggressive chemical peel solutions.
AHA peels provide gentle exfoliation and skin rejuvenation results that retexture, smooth and brighten the skin. Rough or dry patches can be resurfaced, uneven pigmentation spots can be reduced and the look of fine lines and wrinkles can be improved as cell turnover is increased and damaged skin cells are shed. Various concentrations of AHA peels with high levels of glycolic acid also prove to be effective for the improvement of mild acne by stripping away plugs of keratin, oil and dirt that often lead to outbreaks.
DESCRIPTION OF TREATMENT
Alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA) peels are simple and quick. The treatment can be performed in an outpatient medical office, plastic surgeon's office or medical spa. AHA solutions are formulated as non-aggressive peels,therefore, the process is virtually painless. Some tingling and minimal stinging may be present, which is dependent upon the pH level of the mixture chosen. In most cases, anesthesia is not required. Pre-treatment creams with concentrations of glycolic or lactic acids may be prescribed several weeks before the peel takes place. This form of at-home exfoliation can improve the results seen from the chemical peel. As always, clients are asked to limit their sun exposure for 2-3 weeks before treatment, and a broad-spectrum SPF of 30 of higher should be applied during the day.
Prior to receiving any type of chemical peel the area to be treated is thoroughly cleansed in order to remove excess oil that could interfere with the peel solution. The chemical peel is then applied and left on for a period of 10-15 minutes. Some solutions may be left on longer, which again, is dependent upon the desired results of the individual and his or her provider. The treatment is finished after the solution is rinsed off with cold water. The skin should be left bare for 3 hours following the chemical, after which, the appropriate level of sunscreen can be applied. Individuals can return to work or normal activities immediately after the peel is done. AHA peels are the lightest of all chemical peel solutions, and offer far less dramatic improvements than medium or deep peels (TCA or Phenol peels). A series of AHA peels are necessary to achieve maximum results.
Alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA) peels that use glycolic, lactic and citric acid solutions are rarely associated with major side effects or health risks. Minimal irritation and redness may be present after treatment, which normally subsides within 48 hours. Some drying may occur that can lead to light flaking or shedding as the skin adjusts to the treatment. These transient effects depend upon the aggressiveness of the AHA solution. If irritation or soreness persists, the provider can prescribe topical medication. A light, non-greasy moisturizer can also be applied to maintain the skin's hydration levels.
A significant amount of alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA) peels are not considered medical procedures, and therefore are not regulated by the U.S. FDA. However, AHA solutions of 30% or higher should be performed by a physician or medical aesthetician.
Alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA) peels and other light solutions usually cost around $100 per application. These prices can widely vary by the aggressiveness of the peel solution and the location of the provider.